A small council, it is however one of the richest in the Serra do Marão Tourism Region. This is due, undoubtedly, to the intensive wine farming, producing high quality table wines and dessert wines. The vine, planted on undulating land, is a memorable sight. When travelling from Vila Real, right after Cumeeira, in June or July, we see a valley of an extraordinary luxuriance, framed by the geometry of the terraces. If the journey is undertaken in the autumn, it only changes colour: green becomes brown, yellow and red.The name Penaguião, fancifullyexplained by the local inhabitants, most likely refers to some boulder or "castro", since there are a number of remains of this type confirming the existence of pre-historic settlements. The Romanisation has also left remains. The Middle Ages are represented by a stone pillory in front of the town hall. The greatest number of buildings of architectural value date from the 18th century: the Cumeeira Church, for example, of sizeable proportions, possibly the work of the Italian, Nicolau Nasoni, who nevertheless is definitely

responsible for the wall and ceiling paintings, which in fact, he signed. The high altar and transept arch are carved and represent the most elaborate expression of the joanine baroque period in this area. Also from the 18th century are most of the council’s beautiful manor houses with their armorial bearings.

But the most attractive thing about the council is really the wine. A visit to any of the dark, vineyard wine cellars where sublime wines mature and where it is always possible taste a nectar is a moment as exalting as a visit to acathedral. The most important handicrafts are those related with viticulture: basketware and cooperage. Similarly, interesting tapestry, lace and embroidery work is done here. A final note for those looking for authenticity in folklore. In the village of Carvalhais, on the very limit of the Marão region, there is a "toque" (a musical troupe). The musicians play chordophones as well as some wood instruments. Listening to them play the old melodies of their repertoire, in their original setting, can be a memorable experience.